Bipolar Vs. Borderline Personality Disorder
At NorthPoint Psychiatric Consultants, LLC (NPC), we understand that mental health disorders can often be complex and confusing. Two disorders that are frequently misunderstood or misdiagnosed are Bipolar Disorder and Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). While they share some common symptoms, they are distinctly different conditions that require different treatment approaches.
Bipolar Disorder, formerly known as manic depression, is characterized by extreme mood swings ranging from manic (or hyperactive) episodes to depressive episodes. These mood swings are often interspersed with periods of normal mood. The key defining feature of Bipolar Disorder is the presence of manic or hypomanic episodes.
BPD is a personality disorder characterized by a long-term pattern of unstable relationships, distorted self-image, impulsive behaviors, and intense emotional responses. Individuals with BPD may also struggle with chronic feelings of emptiness and fear of abandonment.
Bipolar Disorder vs. BPD – The Differences:
1. Mood Swings: Although both disorders involve mood swings, they differ in duration and context. In Bipolar Disorder, mood swings usually last weeks or even months and occur episodically. In BPD, mood swings are typically triggered by interpersonal relationships or events and can fluctuate rapidly, even within hours.
2. Self-Image: While Bipolar Disorder primarily affects mood and energy levels, BPD significantly impacts self-perception and relationships. Individuals with BPD often have a distorted self-image and struggle with their sense of self.
3. Treatment Options: Bipolar Disorder is often managed with mood stabilizers, antipsychotics, and sometimes antidepressants, along with psychotherapy. BPD, on the other hand, is typically treated with a specific type of psychotherapy known as Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), and medication may be used to manage specific symptoms.
At NPC, we believe that understanding such differences is key to ensuring accurate diagnosis and effective treatment. If you or a loved one are experiencing symptoms associated with Bipolar Disorder or BPD, we are here to help. Our dedicated team of professionals is committed to providing comprehensive care tailored to your unique needs. Remember, reaching out for help is the first step towards recovery and a healthier future.
Meet the author
Dr. Stéphane P Clermont is a double board-certified clinician as both a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP) and Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP). She completed his Doctor of Nursing Practice degree at Chatham University. She works with adults to help them achieve a more fulfilled life.